Columbia County in 1910
When doing genealogy research in Columbia County, one is struck by how much things stay the same. The same families live in the same location next to the same neighbors they had a decade ago. This is also reflected in the population figures for 1910 and 1920. There is only a difference of 118 residents in Columbia County in 1910 from 1920 (more in 1910 actually) at a total population of 48,467.
What’s different on the 1910 census
Now we’re getting into the meaty era of census records. 1900 and 1910 have a wealth of information crucial to finding out the facts and filling in the holes in your family history. One must look closely so as not to miss the key designation of how many times the person has been married – signified by a tiny 1, 2, or 3 (or however many) after the letter M in the marital status column. This is not part of the description on the 1910 blank form and is often missed. In the accompanying photo, you can see that George W. and Catherine Crossley have each been married once (M1) for 49 years. Fourteen children have been born to Catherine and 11 are still living. If you look at the next residents in the household, you will see their son John and his wife Ida. They’ve each been married twice (M2), their current marriage being of five years duration. Ida has had seven children, five of whom are still living.
1910 federal census fields
The state, county, city/township, enumeration district, sheet numbe,r and actual enumeration date are shown on the heading of the 1910 census. This census was begun on April 15, 1910 with the enumeration reflecting all those persons alive on that specific date. Following is the information recorded:
- Location: Street, avenue, road, etc.; house number or farm; dwelling number; number of family in order of visitation
- Name of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910 was in this family. Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910.
- Relation: relationship of this person to the head of the family
- Personal description: Sex; Color or race; Age at last birthday; Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced; Number of years of present marriage; Mother of how many children: Number born; Number now living
- Nativity: Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in United States, give state or territory. If foreign birth, give the country.
- Citizenship: Year of immigration to the U.S.; Whether naturalized or alien
- Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken
- Occupation: Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person; General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, Whether an employer, employee, or working on own account; If an employee: whether out of work on April 15, 1910; Number of weeks out of work during 1909
- Education: Whether able to read; Whether able to write; Attended school any time since Sept. 1, 1909
- Ownership of home: Owned or rented; Owned free or mortgaged; Farm or house; Number of farm schedule
- Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy
- Whether blind (both eyes)
- Whether deaf and dumb
How to use this data
In addition to the obvious information regarding age and birthplace, data about the number of children born and still surviving may indicate additional children who had been born and subsequently died since the 1900 census. Closer inspection also may reveal if the resident was a survivor of the Civil War. This is valuable information that can be pursued through other resources. There is always something fabulously interesting to be gleaned from examining the 1910 federal census records!
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